Improve Your Smile With Quality Orthodontics in Billings, MT
Bennion Lambourne Orthodontics provides quality orthodontic care in Billings, MT, to improve your smile and your confidence. Contact us today!
Early and Interceptive Treatment (Phase I & II)
Orthodontic treatment today is predictable and successful. There are many benefits of correcting misaligned teeth. Straight teeth are more appealing to look at than crooked teeth. They also boost self-esteem and confidence. Moreover, properly aligned teeth enhance the speaking, biting, and chewing functions of the jaw. Irregularities are often found in childhood years. The good news is with the right orthodontics treatments, these outcomes can be reversed. Some irregularities include:
- Overbite – Upper teeth that protrude over the lower teeth.
- Underbite – Lower teeth that protrude over the upper teeth.
- Crossbite – Upper teeth attached inside the lower teeth.
- Overcrowding – Insufficient room
Depending on the malocclusion (bad bite) irregularity or severity, the perseverance of the patient, and the orthodontic devices used, it can take anywhere from six to thirty months to complete and may require the following distinct phases.
Phase I: The Planning Phase
Phase I, of early interceptive treatment, involves orthodontic treatment (i.e. partial braces, active retainer, or expansion) done before the permanent teeth have emerged. This often occurs from six to ten years old. At Bennion Lambourne, we recommend Phase I treatment for moderate-to-severe problems that need immediate attention.
Phase I treatment helps develop your child’s jaws to help improve the relationship between their upper and lower jaws and make room for the eruption of permanent teeth. When a child’s upper or lower jaws are not growing enough or growing too much, early orthodontic treatment can be a great benefit. This early correction method often helps prevent dental trauma, of having to remove permanent teeth later or needing jaw surgery.
If a severe condition goes untreated, it could result in future problems that are too severe for braces alone to correct. It usually takes around 9 to 18 months to complete the Phase I treatment. After this, our patients usually wear retainers, while we track their development. Once most of the child’s permanent teeth have erupted, which usually occurs between ages eleven and thirteen, we recommend phase II treatment.
Phase II: The Active Phase
Phase II Treatment helps maximize the function and appearance of your child’s permanent teeth by moving teeth over time to position them. This is usually accomplished with Invisalign (removable) or full braces (fixed) that take between 12 to 18 months to complete. During this time, the orthodontist will make adjustments to ensure adequate pressure applies to the teeth.
Because of the new developments in Phase I treatments, less patient participation is required with Phase II treatments. This means fewer rubber bands, headgear, permanent teeth extractions, and time spent wearing full braces. This is especially beneficial when a child reaches their teens.
Space Maintenance Treatment
If a child’s tooth falls out prematurely due to an accident, decay, or another issue, the space must be maintained to leave space for permanent teeth to erupt. Orthodontists use special types of space maintainers to fill in the gaps and prevent future dental problems from occurring. These space maintenance treatments prevent the surrounding teeth from shifting and impeding the eruption of permanent teeth. At first, it may not seem like an issue when a baby’s tooth falls out prematurely, but not maintaining the gap can require the need for greater and more costly orthodontic treatment in the future.
Types of Space Maintainers
There are several types of space maintainers used by orthodontists. Some are made of plastic or stainless steel and can be fixed or removable.
Fixed space maintainers are available in different designs. Band-and-loop maintainers are made of stainless steel wire. A band or crown is used to fix them to the tooth next to the empty space. The wire attaches to the loop or crown resting on the tooth at the other adjacent end of the space. If there are no back teeth present, a lingual arch is placed on the lower teeth. A wire attaches to both sides of the tooth next to the open space and is placed on the lingual side of the arch. This is required to prevent teeth from shifting towards the gap.
A removable space maintainer is similar to a retainer. It uses plastic blocks to fill the gap of the missing tooth space. This is the best option for older kids who can follow directions.
Get Quality Orthodontic Care in Billings
Whether you are looking for gentle orthodontics for your child or family orthodontics in Billings, Bennion Lambourne Orthodontics is your best source. Our staff is welcoming, friendly, and professional, and we use the best state-of-the-art equipment. Enjoy quality orthodontic care at affordable prices.